Friday, June 3, 2011

Kidney transplant

Kidneys are one of God's gift of organs which should always be thankful for, the kidney was instrumental in the process of urinaria body. Kidney damage can interfere with the secretion system so that the presence of kidney function need to be kept for a maximum.

Kidney damage occurs in stages The stages of decline in kidney function, namely:

* Kidney damage minimal

* Mild kidney damage

* Kidney damage is

* Severe kidney damage

* Kidney failure (renal function <15%)

Kidney failure can occur because of primary disorders such as kidney infection, kidney stone blockage, abnormal kidney failure, or complications of hypertension and diabetes mellitus.

Examination must be done to detect impaired renal function:

1. Blood tests (blood cell levels, urea, creatinine, uric acid, potassium, phosphorus, calcium)

2. Urine (microscopic and protein)

3. Kidney x-rays

4. Kidney ultrasound

5. Renal biopsy

Kidney transplant

Kidney transplantation in principle is to move the healthy kidneys into patients with kidney failure. The new kidney will be placed in the cavity of the ileum and kidney blood vessels connecting the new with the patient, then with (the urethra) ureter. The success of new kidney transplant is marked with the discharge of urine from the kidney. Kidney failure usually does not need to be taken but if it causes an infection, the kidneys need to be removed. For surgical removal of the kidney may take 2-3 hours.

While the kidney transplant operation itself takes 2-3 hours.

The advantages of kidney transplantation is no need to bother with washing the blood up to 2-3 times in 1 week so improve the quality of life.

Kidney transplantation is the best way of treatment of kidney failure in which a healthy kidney to replace the two kidney pain in patients with renal failure. Kidney transplant results can last for 40 years if well cared for. One people with kidney failure to perform kidney transplants a maximum of 4 times. Minimum age of transplant recipients for kidney donors is 70-80 years.

After kidney transplantation, donor-recipient must take drugs commonly called anti departure for the long term.

These drugs work for the body to accept the new organs transplanted.

Before the kidney transplant operation, need to be carried out such inspections:

* Routine blood

* Routine urine

* Blood tests

* ECG and ultrasound

* Endoscopy

* X-ray

* Examination of heart

* Check the network (HLA) and Antibody (PRA)

There are 3 types of donor kidney transplant:

- Donor family

- Donor non-family

- Donors from people who have died

Take care and love your kidneys as early as possible. Due to perform kidney transplant surgery, it takes no small cost.

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