Friday, June 3, 2011

Failed Kidney Disease

Failed Kidney Disease

Failed Kidney Disease is a disease in which kidney function has decreased until finally no longer able to work at all in terms of screening electrolyte disposal of the body, maintain fluid balance and body chemicals such as sodium and potassium in the blood or urine production.

Kidney disease can affect anyone who suffers serious illness or injury where it impacts directly on the kidney itself. Kidney disease more often experienced those aged adults, especially in the elderly.

A. Kidney Failure Causes

The occurrence of renal failure caused by some serious diseases that in sustained by the body which gradually affects the kidney organ damage. As for some diseases that often affect kidney damage include:
Disease of high blood pressure (Hypertension)
Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes Mellitus)
The blockage of the urinary tract (stones, tumors, narrowing / stricture)
Autoimmune disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus
Suffering from cancer (cancer)
Kidney disorders, where there has been development of many cysts on the kidney organ itself (polycystic kidney disease)
Damage to filters in the kidney cells either by infection or inflammation due to the impact of high blood diseases. Medical term called glomerulonephritis.

As for other diseases that also can cause renal failure if not quickly addressed among others, that many of the sudden loss of fluids (vomiting, bleeding, burns), as well as other diseases such as lung disease (TB), syphilis, malaria, hepatitis, preeclampsia, Drugs and amyloidosis.

Kidney disease develops slowly towards a worsening in which the kidneys no longer able to work as function. In medicine, known as 2 different types of attacks to kidney failure, acute and chronic.

B. Signs and Symptoms of Renal Failure Disease

The signs and symptoms of kidney failure experienced by patients in acute among others: Swollen eyes, legs, severe back pain (colic), urinary pain, fever, urinating a little, red urine / blood, frequent urination. Abnormalities of Urine: Protein, Blood / Erythrocytes, White Blood Cells / leucocytes, bacteria.

While the signs and symptoms that may arise by the presence of chronic renal failure include: weakness, no energy, appetite, nausea, vomiting, swelling, decreased urination, itching, shortness of breath, pale / anemia. Abnormalities of urine: Protein, erythrocytes, leukocytes. Lab examination abnormalities. Other: blood creatinine increased, hemoglobin decreased, Urine: protein is always positive.

C. Determination of Renal Failure Diagnosis

A doctor once asked medical history and signs and symptoms that arise, to determine the presence / occurrence of renal failure then he will perform a physical examination that focused on the possibility of kidney organ enlargement or swelling around the kidneys. If the suspected occurrence of impaired kidney function, then the patient will be consulted to a kidney specialist (Nephrologist).

Further laboratory examination either blood or urine in order to view the content of electrolytes sodium and potassium / potassium. In certain cases the medical team may perform the installation of a catheter tube into the urine bag (bladder) to remove the urine. If necessary, the medical team will recommend examination of shooting kidney structure using Ultrasound, Computed tomography (CT) scans or by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans. There's even the possibility of action biopsy, namely sampling (sample) kidney tissue.

D. Kidney Failure Treatment and Handling

Handling and treatment of renal failure depends on the cause of the failure of kidney function itself. In essence, the goal of treatment is to control the symptoms, minimizing complications and slowing disease progression. For example, a patient may need a diet low intake of sodium, potassium, protein and fluids. If the cause is unknown is the impact of other diseases, the doctor will give medicine or therapy such as administration of drugs for the treatment of hypertension, anemia, or possibly high cholesterol.

Someone who experienced failure of kidney function monitored very necessary income (intake) and expenditure (output) of fluid, so the action and the medications given can be done well. In some serious cases, patients will be advised or given blood laundering {haemodialisa (dialysis)}. Another possibility is to act kidney transplantation or kidney transplantation.

E. Esophageal Disease Precautions

We are in a state of "feeling well" at least expected to do a medicine / control / laboratory. Whereas those who declared in a kidney disorder, whether mild or moderate expected to be cautious in consuming drug rheumatic drugs such as drugs, certain antibiotics and immediately treated if infected, Avoid dehydration (vomiting), Control periodically. Hopefully this article useful to you in need, Thanks.