Thursday, June 2, 2011

High Blood Diseases (Hypertension)

High Blood Diseases (Hypertension)

High blood disease or hypertension (hypertension) is a condition in which a person experiences an increase in blood pressure above normal as indicated by systolic number (top) and the lower figure (diastolic) blood pressure monitor in the examination using blood pressure gauge, and includes water cuff mercury (sphygmomanometer) or other digital devices.

The normal value a person's blood pressure with height, weight, level of normal activity and health in general is 120/80 mmHg. In daily activities, normal blood pressure is stable with the numerical value range. But in general, the rate of blood pressure decreases during sleep and rises at a time when activity or exercise.

When someone has high blood pressure and did not get the treatment and control of a regular (routine), then this may bring the patient into serious cases can even cause death. High blood pressure causes the heart to someone constantly working extra hard, this condition ultimately results in damage to the blood vessels of the heart, kidneys, brain and eyes. Hypertension disease is a common cause of stroke and heart attack (Heart attack).

High blood pressure or hypertension disease known as 2 type classification, such as hypertension Primary and Secondary Hypertension:
Primary Hypertension
Primary hypertension is a condition where the occurrence of high blood pressure as a result of the impact of one's lifestyle and environmental factors. Someone who is not a controlled diet and lead to overweight or even obese, is the initial trigger for the disease of high blood pressure. Similarly, someone who is in the environment or the high stressor condition most likely exposed to high blood pressure disease, including people who are lack of exercise can have high blood pressure.

Secondary Hypertension
Secondary hypertension is a condition where the increase in high blood pressure as a result of someone experiencing / suffering from other diseases such as heart failure, kidney failure, or damage to the body's hormone system. While in pregnant women, blood pressure generally increased during pregnancy was 20 weeks. Especially in women whose weight is above normal or overweight (obese).

Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), this is the designation in terms of health (medical) for pregnant women who suffer from hypertension. Conditions Hypertension in pregnant women can currently tergolang or severe / dangerous, A pregnant woman with high blood pressure can experience the days of her pregnancy Preeclampsia is.

Preeclampsia is a condition of a pregnant woman who had hypertension, so feel complaints such as dizziness, headache, blurred vision, stomach pain, facial swelling, poor appetite, nausea and even vomiting. In the event of spasms as the impact of hypertension is called Eclamsia.

1. Causes of Hypertension
The use of drugs such as corticosteroids group (Cortison) and some hormone drugs, including some anti-inflammatory drugs (anti-inflammation) continuously (often) can increase a person's blood pressure. Smoking also is one of the factors causing the increase in high blood pressure due to tobacco that contains nicotine. Beverages containing alcohol are also included one of the factors that can lead to high blood pressure. Stop into the alcoholic!

2. Handling and Treatment of Hypertension
a. Diet High Blood Diseases (Hypertension)
The content of salt (Sodium / Sodium)
Someone who is suffering from high blood diseases should control yourself in consuming salt-pickled in salt, there are a few tips you can do to control dietary sodium / sodium this;
- Do not put salt on the dinner table
- Select the number of low sodium content when buying food
- Limit consumption of meat and cheese
- Avoid salty snacks
- Reduce the use of sauces which generally contain sodium

Content of Potassium / Potassium
Suplements potassium 2-4 grams per day can help decrease blood pressure, generally stout Potassium is found in some fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables that contain potassium and good for the consumption of high blood pressure include watermelons, avocados, melons, fruit of bitter melon, squash, bligo, machetes pumpkin / squash, cucumber, aloe vera, celery, onion and garlic. In addition, foods containing omega-3 Sagat known to be effective in helping to decrease blood pressure (hypertension).

Treatment of hypertension is usually combined with some drugs;
- Diuretic {tablets hydrochlorothiazide (HCT), Lasix (Furosemide)}. Is a class of hypertension drugs by the body via urine discharge. But since potassium is likely to lose in liquid urine, hence controlling the consumption of potassium should be done.

- Beta-blockers atenolol {(Tenorim), Capoten (captopril)}. Is a drug used in an effort to control blood pressure through a process of slowing the heart and widen (vasodilation) of blood vessels.

- Calcium channel blockers {Norvasc (amlopidine), Angiotensinconverting enzyme (ACE)}. It is one of the drugs commonly used in controlling high blood pressure or hypertension is through the process of blood vessel relaxation that also widens blood vessels.

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