Friday, November 25, 2011

Reproductive tract infections

Reproductive tract infections (ISR) is entered and the proliferation of germs that cause infection into the reproductive tract. Germs that cause infection can be bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites.

Women more prone to ISR than men, because female reproductive tract closer to the anus and urethra. ISR in women is also often not known, because the symptoms are less obvious than men.

Due to the ISR

In the women can lead to pregnancy outside the womb, infertility, cervical cancer, increasing the risk of HIV, abnormalities in the fetus (LBW, congenital infection, stillbirth and infant birth not old enough)

1. Endogenous ISR ISR is the most common type in the world. Arise due to abnormal growth, which should grow to normal organisms in the vagina, including bacterial vaginosis and candidiasis are easily treated.

2. ISR iatrogenic or related to medical procedures is an infection caused by the entry of microorganisms into the reproductive tract through medical procedures that are less or non-sterile, such as induction of menstruation, abortion, IUD insertion, childbirth events or if infection is present in the lower reproductive channel spread through cervix to the upper reproductive tract. Symptoms that may arise, among others around the pelvic pain, high fever, sudden, chills, menstrual irregularities, abnormal vaginal discharge and pain occur during intercourse.

3. PMS is partially transmitted through sexual contact with an infected partner.

Prevention of ISR
Prevent new infections by cutting the transmission line
Endogenous ISR can be prevented through improved individual hygiene, improved access to quality health services, promotion, seek treatment to healthcare
Iatrogenic ISR can be prevented through sterilization of medical equipment used, screening or treatment of ISR prior to carrying out medical procedures.
STDs can be prevented by avoiding sexual contact or sexual intercourse with a safe (monogamy and condom use are correct and consistent

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are diseases that mode of transmission is primarily through sexual intercourse, either heterosexual or homosexual. PMS also be interpreted as a venereal disease that is transmitted through sexual relations that attacks around the genitals.

Relationship with the reproductive organs of PMS
destroy PMS in women vaginal walls / cervix, with or without symptoms of infection
in men, who are first infected urinary tract, and if not treated will cause discharge from the penis and cause pain when urinating waste
Untreated STDs can affect the reproductive organs and cause infertility in both men and women

Parts of the body can be affected PMS
In women, slauran ovaries, ovary, uterus, bladder, cervix, vagina, urinary tract (urethra), anus
In men, bladder, vas deferens, prostate, penis, epididymis, testis, urethra, scrotum, seminal vesicles, rectum

The main reason women are more vulnerable to contracting STDs than men

During intercourse, vaginal walls and cervix directly exposed to semen, sperm Jiak infected with an STD then the women will be infected. If a woman is infected with an STD, he does not always show symptoms, but most likely the infection spread and cause complications. Many people, especially women and adolescents who are reluctant to seek treatment, because they do not want a family / community to know if they suffer from PMS, as a result of new PMS is unknown at an advanced stage.

In most STDs there are several possibilities:
No disease transmission is always through sexual contact
The disease can occur in people who have never had sexual intercourse
Most sufferers are victims of circumstances beyond their capabilities

STD-causing organisms
Bacteria: gonorrhea, syphilis, etc.
Virus: genital herpes, condylomata akuminata, hepatitis, AIDS, etc.
Protozoa: trichomoniasis, etc.
Fungi: vaginal candidiasis etc.
Ectoparasites: pubic lice

Complaints / symptoms of PMS
There is fluid pus / abnormal vaginal discharge that comes out of the urinary tract (urethra) male / female vagina
In women there was an increase whiteness, color bus be more white, yellowish, greenish, and the bus orange unpleasant / slimy,
In men a burning sensation like burning or pain during / after BAK
Ulcers (ulcers) on the genitals is a complaint once common PMS symptoms
There are small bumps (papules) around the genitals
Redness around the genitals
Pain in the lower abdomen that appear and disappear and not associated with menstruation
There are spots of blood after intercourse

Danger of STDs
Morbidity and mortality
Cancer of the uterus
Damage the eyesight, brain and liver
Transmitted in infants
Vulnerable to HIV / AIDS
There is no cure

It is important to note
PMS may occur either in men or women
STD transmission can occur even if only once sexual intercourse without a condom with PMS sufferers
No one is immune to STDs
Women are more likely to catch an STD from their partner than vice versa, because of gender and extent of surface exposed by the partner's semen
Infections of the female reproductive organs are often hidden and not easily seen by poorly trained personnel. In addition, the complaint was not clear and the women often feel ashamed to tell you the problem and checked her genitals
ISR increases the risk of transmission of STD / HIV / AIDS on women 10x magnitude
Some STDs may not cause significant symptoms in women, but can still transmit the disease to their partners
The signs and symptoms of STDs in men is usually apparent as a wound or body duh, so that treatment can be done early
STDs are often not treated properly, resulting in infection and prolonged suffering. Most STDs can be cured if treated right and at the right time.
Complications of STDs such as infertility can often be prevented if treated immediately PMS
There are currently no vaccines or immunizations for STDs
PMS allows the possibility of contracting HIV / AIDS as much as 4x

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