Monday, November 14, 2011

Causes and Symptoms of Lupus

Disease Lupus (Lupus Erythematosus) is simply described when the body becomes allergic to itself. Lupus disease allegedly related to the immunological system of the excess. In people with lupus, the body which has an immune system to attack the disease and stay healthy just keep attacking healthy organs.

Lupus is Latin for "coyote / wolf". This term began to be known about a century ago. This is due to this disease generally have a butterfly-shaped rash or a red rash on the cheek butterfly similar in cheek wolf, but white.

Lupus disease in medical science called Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), namely when the disease has invaded the entire human body or internal system. In the science of immunology or immune, the disease is the opposite of cancer or HIV / AIDS. In Diseases Lupus, the body becomes overreacting to stimuli of something foreign and making too many antibodies or even a kind of protein that are directed against the body's own tissues. Thus, an autoimmune disease called lupus disease (diseases with excessive immune).

In people with lupus, these antibodies excess, can enter the entire network in two ways:.

First, antibodies can directly attack this strange body tissue, such as red blood cells which causes the cell to be destroyed. This is what lead to the sufferer of red blood cell deficiency or anemia.

Second, antibodies can be joined with an antigen (a substance stimulating the formation of antibodies), forming a bond called immune complexes, namely the combined antibody and antigen flow with blood, until caught in the capillary blood vessels will cause inflammation.

Under normal circumstances, the complex will be limited by inflammatory cells (phagocytes) However, in abnormal circumstances, this complex can not be restricted as well. In fact, inflammatory cells had increased a lot, removing enzymes, which cause inflammation around the complex.

The result, the process will be prolonged inflammation and damage organs and interfere with its function. Furthermore, it will be seen as a symptom of disease. If this happens, then the long-term organ function will be disrupted.

Causes and Symptoms of Lupus

Lupus disease quite mysterious. The doctors diagnose the disease is sometimes confused. Initially, patients with lupus disease thought to have abnormalities of the skin, in the form of redness around the nose and cheeks. Red blotches on the face and arms, heat and prolonged fatigue, hair loss, swollen joints and often arise sprue. This disease not only affects the skin, but also can affect almost every organ in the body.

Number of patients with Lupus Disease is not too much. According to literature data, in the United States found 14.6 to 50.8 per 100,000. In Indonesia can be found at around 50,000 people.

RS Ciptomangunkusumo Jakarta, from 71 cases handled since the beginning of 1991 until late 1996, one of 23 sufferers are male. Lupus disease is still very common for the community.

Having examined the causes of lupus disease due to hereditary factors and this is precisely lingkungan.Penyakit suffered by women of childbearing age until the age of 50 years. However, there are also men who experience it. Experts suspect the disease lupus is associated with the hormone estrogen.

Because the disease Lupus affects women infertile, often cause various health aspects. For example the relationship with the pregnancy that causes abortion, fetal development or the baby died at birth.

However, this could have happened otherwise. That is, instead of pregnancy can worsen symptoms of Lupus Disease. Common lupus symptoms appear during pregnancy or after childbirth.

Seeing the many symptoms of this disease, the woman who was attacked by two or more symptoms alone, should be suspected of suffering from Lupus disease. To fully recovered from the disease Lupus, it seems difficult. Physicians were more focused on the medication that are focused sementara.Lebih to prevent spread of the disease and not attack the body's vital organs.

Types of Lupus Disease

Lupus disease has three forms, the first of cutaneous lupus, often called discoid that affects the skin. Second, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), which attacks the body's organs such as skin, joints, lungs, blood, blood vessels, heart, kidney, liver, brain, and nerves. Third, Drug Induced Lupus (DIL), arises because the use of certain drugs. After use is stopped, symptoms will generally disappear.

Usually people living with the disease Lupus (odapus) will avoid things that can make the disease relapsed with:
Avoid stress
Keeping indirect sunlight
reduce the excessive workload
avoiding the use of certain medications.

Odapus can memeriksakaan dokter2 observer on this disease, a specialist in internal medicine hematology consultation, Rheumatology, kidney, hypertension, allergy immunology, if the disease lupus can be insurmountable, medication regularly, take regular medication that is given by a physician (which is usually taken for life ), odapus will be able to live like normal people.