Thursday, October 15, 2009

Abnormalities in the Fetus

Abnormalities in the fetus
Thalassemia is a hereditary disease in which the body's lack of substance forming a hemoglobin (Hb) that suffered severe anemia and needed blood transfusions for life.
Down syndrome is the excess number of strands in the chromosome 21 so that children grow up with mental retardation, heart defects, hearing and poor vision, muscle weakness and trends of cancer of white blood cells (leukemia).
Other disorders that can be detected since the fetus is Patau syndrome, which causes severe interference in the development of the brain, heart, kidneys, lips and oral cavity. If severe symptoms, the baby may die a few hours or several weeks after birth. Edward Yang's syndrome also cause mental retardation, growth disturbance, head size and small hips and hands and feet abnormalities. Detection of abnormalities after birth such as phenylketonuria and congenital hypothyroidism was also performed. Phenylketonuria is a metabolic disorder of amino acid phenylalanine-forming protein that causes the growth barriers and mental retardation. Given the early, abnormalities can be prevented by minimizing the intake of phenylalanine there is lots of meat, eggs, fish, milk, cheese, and administration of drugs or certain vitamins. Congenital hypothyroidism is a result of disease or lack of thyroid hormone is not produced. Since the thyroid is a growth hormone, patients will experience a physical growth of mental disorders. Prevention with thyroid hormone supplements as early as possible.
The exact cause of preeclampsia and eklamsia not known until now but high levels of homocysteine in the blood can increase the risk of eklamsi 3. One way to reduce homocysteine levels in the blood is an adequate diet is the consumption of folic acid, vitamin B6, B12. With increasing blood levels of folate in the homocysteine level will be lowered so that the expected risk can preklamsi and reduced eklamsi. While homocysteine itself is an amino acid found in blood. Several studies have shown that the amount of homocysteine in the blood affects the disease associated with blood vessels such as stroke, blood vessel disorder and coronary heart disease. In pregnant women, high levels of homocysteine will result in pregnancy poisoning disease called eklamsia and preklamsia. The high levels of homocysteine in the blood triggered by diet and genetic factors. A diet containing folate and other B vitamins will help to reduce levels of homocysteine in the blood, so the risk of disease can preklamsi and eklamsia reduced.